# constrained

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**Minimum spanning tree**— The minimum spanning tree of a planar graph. Each edge is labeled with its weight, which here is roughly proportional to its length. Given a connected, undirected graph, a spanning tree of that graph is a subgraph that is a tree and connects all… …112

**Optimization (mathematics)**— In mathematics, the term optimization, or mathematical programming, refers to the study of problems in which one seeks to minimize or maximize a real function by systematically choosing the values of real or integer variables from within an… …113

**Oulipo**— French literature By category French literary history Medieval 16th century  …114

**Joseph E. Stiglitz**— Infobox Scientist name = Joseph E. Stiglitz image size = 180px birth date = Birth date and age|1943|2|9|mf=y birth place = Gary, Indiana, U.S. nationality =United States field = Economics work places = Columbia University alma mater = MIT Amherst …115

**Control line**— Brodak Control Line Aerobatic Strega in flight Control line (also called U Control ) is a simple and light way of controlling a flying model aircraft. The aircraft is connected to the operator by a pair of lines, attached to a handle, that work… …116

**Rise of the New Imperialism**— The Rise of the New Imperialism overlaps with the Pax Britannica period (1815 1870). The American Revolution and the collapse of the Spanish empire in the New World in the early 1810 20s, following the revolutions in the viceroyalties of New… …117

**3ds Max**— Infobox Software name = Autodesk 3ds Max caption = Version 2008 interface with a dark theme developer = Autodesk Inc. latest release version = 2009 (11.0) latest release date = April 2008 operating system = Windows (2000, XP or Vista) genre = 3D… …118

**Generalized coordinates**— By deriving equations of motion in terms of a general set of generalized coordinates, the results found will be valid for any coordinate system that is ultimately specified. cite book |last=Torby |first=Bruce |title=Advanced Dynamics for… …119

**2-satisfiability**— In computer science, 2 satisfiability (abbreviated as 2 SAT or just 2SAT) is the problem of determining whether a collection of two valued (Boolean or binary) variables with constraints on pairs of variables can be assigned values satisfying all… …120

**Core (group)**— In group theory, a branch of mathematics, a core is any of certain special normal subgroups of a group. The two most common types are the normal core of a subgroup and the p core of a group. Contents 1 The normal core 1.1 Definition 1.2… …